Weird Foods People Ate to Get Through the Great Depression - The Comprehensive Minds

Weird Foods People Ate to Get Through the Great Depression

In 1929, a massive stock market crash ushered in a nearly decade-long, worldwide economic depression that would prove to be the most prolonged and widespread in recent history. The rise of refrigeration, changes in the food supply chain, and the increased need for inexpensive meals led to a drastic change in the American diet. 

Getting food on the table was tough. And sometimes using what was available led to some rather strange recipes. Today, we're looking at the weird foods people eat to get through the Great Depression.   

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Prune Pudding

Weird Foods People Ate to Get Through the Great Depression

First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt wasn't going to let the Depression bring her fellow Americans down. As an early supporter of the home economics movement, she planned inexpensive and nutritious meals from Cornell's home economics department. 

Although FDR was a bit of a gourmand, both the first lady and the president practiced leaner eating habits during the Great Depression. According to their book, A Square Meal-- A Culinary History of the great depression, food historian Jane Ziegelman and Andrew Coe noted the Roosevelts ate this way to send a message to Americans about how to eat during troubling times. 

Instead of foie grasor an amuse-bouches, FDR had to eat simple meals, at least when guests or the press were around. Denture-friendly fare, like deviled eggs, and tomato sauce with mashed potatoes, or bean in tomato stew, were typical White House fare. Sounds like something you'd find at the frozen dinner aisle. Flavor and spices need not apply. 

Dessert came in the form of prune whip, a delightful dish based around everyone's favorite dried fruit, the prune. Prunes and other dried fruit were common substitutes for fresh fruit during the Depression. So prune pudding was a sort of an easy substitute for freshly baked pies or other desserts. 

It's easy to make, too. All you need is some sugar, egg whites, and a bunch of prunes. Whip it all together, and you'll have a real, um, regular dessert in no time. 


Peanut Butter With Stuffed Onion

Peanut Butter With Stuffed Onion

Everyone loves peanut butter and everyone loves onions, right. Both items were readily available during the Depression. And someone decided to mix the two. This resulted in a most surreal concoction from the Great Depression cookbook, peanut butter stuffed baked onion,  Promoted by the Bureau of Home Economics, the recipe for peanut butter and stuffed onions saw publication in several newspapers and magazines of the period. 

The Bureau's professional home economists actively encouraged American homemakers to serve the inexpensive glop to their families. Food historians Andrew Coe and Jane Ziegelman decided to try making the dish themselves more recently. 

Coe said it was not a popular addition to the dinner table. Ziegelman put it more succinctly, noting that peanut butter has nothing to say to a baked onion. The Bureau of Home Economics really took the phrase, there was no accounting for taste literally when they came up with that one. 


Ritz Mock Apple Pie

Ritz Mock Apple Pie

Ritz Crackers, they're no townhouse crackers. But they are great for a light snack or handy to use in a dip.  But they have an unlikely alternate use, a substitute for apple pie filling. Ritz mock apple pie is pretty much what it sounds like, a pie made with Ritz Crackers as its filling. 

The traditional ingredients of an apple pie combined with lemon juice and the unique texture of Ritz Crackers created a taste intended to simulate a real apple pie. Considered a Depression-era favorite today, this pastry imposter has its roots in the 1880s, when apple shortages called for pie-filling substitutes. 

Soda crackers were a cheap alternative to America's favorite fruit. And mock apple pies were popular during tough times. At some point, Nabiscobegan putting the recipe on the back of Ritz Cracker boxes, where it would remain until the 1980s. 

After 1,500 requests for the recipe in a single year, the company restored the recipe to its packaging in 1991. It remains one of Ritz'smost requested recipes today. If an apple-free apple pie sounds tasty, you could try making one yourself. Just substitute 36 slightly crushed Ritz Crackers for the apples in your favorite recipe. And you'll be baking a mock pie just in time for dessert. 


Eleanor Roosevelt's Spaghetti Dish

Eleanor Roosevelt's Spaghetti Dish

Eleanor Roosevelt did her best to promote home economics throughout the Depression. That didn't mean she didn't send out some genuinely bizarre dishes during that time. Take the case of an off-putting casserole made from spaghetti, boiled carrots, and white sauce. 

Unlike traditional pasta cooking methods, this recipe required cooking the spaghetti for a full 25 minutes. Once the pasta turned into a sad noodle mush, you were supposed to mix it with similarly boiled-to-death carrots. 

A bland white sauce made from milk, flour, salt, and butter topped off this off-white al dente dish. Roosevelt called it a vehicle for nutrition and nutrients. But you'd probably prefer to eat an old flapper hat instead.  

Vinegar-based desserts were popular in the 19th century but made a comeback during the Depression. Known more commonly as desperation pies, these treats mix staple ingredients like eggs, butter, and sugar with some kind of substitution. 

In this case, apple cider vinegar takes the place of fresh apples. It's the fantastic acidic flavor of an apple cobbler without any pesky fruit. Cooks can whip the eggs and sugar into a delicious meringue to top the acidic dessert off in style. 

Apparently, it tastes like salt and vinegar custard. And it leaves the roof of your mouth tingling. Um. If you find yourself hankering for vinegar cobbler, don't despair. In 2015, award-winning chef Chris Shepherd began serving the dish in his Houston restaurants, helping vinegar cobbler make a comeback in recent years. 


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Mulligan Stew

Mulligan Stew

In a recipe straight from the "Haywire Mac" songbook, Mulligan stew was basically hobo food, not to be confused with NBC's short-lived 1977 comedy of the same name-- Our two families became one after a tragic plane crash in Hawaii. 

Mulligan stew was a community food put together by whatever foods they could scavenge and put together. In his book Riding the Rails-- Teenagers on the move during the Great Depression, Errol Lincoln Uysdescribes the dish as a mix of just about everything. 

People predominantly cooked Mulligan stew with stolen onions, corn, potatoes, foraged greens, and occasional meat bits. Enterprising hobo chefs might add a handful of Navy beans or whatever else may add some flavor to the dish. But the real secret ingredient was just a bit of Bull Durham tobacco and everyone's favorite flavor enhancer, lint. That's a meal I may not ask for seconds on. 


Milkorno

Milkorno

Dining at the White House during the Great Depression wasn't exactly fancy. Take the case of Milkorno. On one presumably dark and stormy night in 1933, several mad scientists at Cornell University invented a gruel known as Milkorno. 

Scientists intended for this blend of powdered skim milk, cornmeal, and salt to help families stretch food budgets. Milkorno came with this somewhat dubious promise of enabling meals for a family of five for $5 a week. And, of course, Eleanor Roosevelt served it at the White House. But Milkorno wasn't the only milk, cornmeal, and salt-based food supplement. 

There was also Milkwheatoand Milkoato, both of which were purchased in bulk by the government. The government even bought 25 million pounds of dystopian dust to use in various hunger relief efforts. 

And although all of them turn into the porridge after boiling, the Bureau of HomeEconomics inexplicably suggested that Milkornocorner made a good substitute for the noodles in chop suey. Well, at least there is much toxicity in such things. 


Kraft Macaroni and Cheese  

Kraft Macaroni and Cheese

Despite some of the strange things people had to eat during the depression, one modern culinary staple arose in the midst of it all, the one and the only Kraft Macaroni and Cheese dinner. According to the Smithsonian, Thomas Jefferson famously served macaroni and cheese at an 1802 state dinner after falling in love with the dish while visiting France. 

It wasn't an entirely new concept at the time. But the idea of boxing and selling it as an inexpensive meal was. In 1937, a rogue salesman for the St. Lewis-based Tenderoni Macaroni Company began selling his noodles with packets of Kraftgrated cheese attached. Kraft soon hired the enterprising salesman to promote the meal to cash-strapped Americans. 

The dinner caught on in a big way, selling for 19 cents per four servings. Its speed was a selling point, with one early print ad featuring a happy, bewildered husband asking, how the deuce did you make this keen macaroni and cheese so fast? Why we just got home. Kraft Dinner, as it's known in the Great White North, went on to become a staple of modern college cuisine and has a special place in our hearts today.  


Loaves

Loaves

Food historians typically agree that loaves were quite popular during the Great Depression. Food loaves were made from a central ingredient and cheaper ingredients that would stretch the entire thing out. 

A Depression-era menu might contain such delicacies as a liver loaf, lima bean, and peanut loaf. Authentic meatloaf was a luxury, but still relatively affordable by padding it with other ingredients like crackers or bread. And much like today, ketchup and canned soup delivered more flavor at a small additional cost. 

Food historian Ziegelman and Coe baked some soy in lima bean loaf. Maintaining it tastes a bit like falafel, but should be served with lots of highly-seasoned gravy.  Some historians believe the federal government made a mistake by overlooking immigrants' contribution and creativity to hunger relief efforts during the Great Depression. 

Italian immigrants were sometimes known for making delicious, highly nutritious, and inexpensive foods for their families. Yet the government chose to overlook their methods as a source of hunger-relief inspiration. 

One delicious and vitamin-packed ingredient foraged by Italian immigrant women in New York City came in the form of dandelion greens. Straight from the front yard to the dinner table, dandelion greens were added to salads, sauteed, or cooked with olive oil to create an essentially free meal. 


Gelatin 

Gelatin

If you need a cheap source of protein during the 1930s, gelatin was likely your main ingredient. Many Depression-era cookbooks featured gelatin as a base for such cutting-edge recipes as corned beef luncheon salad and other congealed salads. Bright, crisp vegetables in cool, shimmering Jell-O. There's a salad for you. 

Congealed Salads may sound like the name of a band from the '90s. But they were authentic dishes people eat during tough times. Corned beef luncheon salad was particularly repulsive, with the unholy mix of its canned corned beef, gelatin, canned peas, vinegar, and lemon juice. 

A few reports from individuals courageous enough to try today describe it as wrong in every way possible, just from the color, to the smell, the texture, the flavor, the mouthfeel. They may look, smell, and probably tastes like canned cat food. But one simply can not deny gelatin's versatility in cooking. 


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Milk

The people struggling to survive through the Great Depression certainly did. Milk also peaked nutritionists' interest, who placed tremendous importance on it as a kind of superfood. Cow's milk was a bit of a wonder food at the time. 

Packed with vitamins, fats, sugar, and proteins, it served nutritional needs and practical purposes during the period. Milk was also used in tons of recipes from the time, from flavorless white sauces, and corn starch pudding, to fortified foods like Milkorno. 

Of course, the sheer amount of milk given to school-age kids was quite impressive. As the government advised, nearly a quart a day. School lunches almost always featured a nice glass of milk to go along with the day's meal. 


Creamed Chipped Beef on Toast

Creamed Chipped Beef on Toast

Chipped or frizzled beef has been a breakfast choice in some parts of the United States since the 19th century, eventually finding its way into a 1910 military cookbook called Manual for Military Cooks. 

Since then, the cream chipped beef on toast has been an Army staple with a colorful name, [shit] on a Shingle, or SOS. The old frontier favorite enjoyed a resurgence during the Depression. Per culinary historians, Siegelman and Coe, this era's version was a combination of canned corn beef, plain gelatin, canned peas, vinegar, and lemon juice, and wrong in every possible way. 

That doesn't mean some folks aren't nostalgic for SOS today. SOS was often served during the Second World War. And even the TV show MASH used it as a recurring joke.   


Hot Dogs

Nothing says America quite like hot dogs. Everyone's favorite processed meat product was a surprisingly versatile ingredient during times of scarcity. Although many depression-era recipes that incorporate hotdogs had bleak names, like Poor Man'sStew or Hoover Stew, they made for surprisingly good recipes, sliced hot dog rounds, with cooked macaroni, cans of stewed tomatoes, and canned corn or peas from time to time. 

Modern cooks are hard at work reclaiming Hoover Stew these days, occasionally substituting fancier ingredients for yesteryear's canned vegetables. Bon appetit. So what do you think? What Great Depression food is your favorite? Let us know in the comments below.


article source: weird history

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