2020 US Election: What is Early Voting and what will be its impact? - The Comprehensive Minds

2020 US Election: What is Early Voting and what will be its impact?

2020 US Election: What is Early Voting and what will be its impact?

2020 US Election


Early voting means exactly what you are understanding. That is the election process whereby people can vote before voting day.


This can be done in two ways. Arriving at the booth, voting, or sending a ballot by mail. In Finland and Canada, it is normal to appear in person and vote, while in Great Britain, Switzerland, and Germany, votes are accepted by mail.


In the United States, people can vote both ways before Election Day, that is, November 3. That is, arriving at the stand or sending it by mail.


With each election, the number of early voting, that is, early voting also increases. Five times more people voted in the 2016 elections than in the 1992 elections.


The corona epidemic also has an impact on this year's elections. Voting will take place soon in all 50 states of the United States and during this time there is a large crowd in the booths.


President Trump also cast his vote in Florida on Saturday.


But this early voting process is not known globally.


So who are the people who are going to vote soon and why? And why are some people against it? You must know this to understand it.


How many people have voted in the United States so far?

According to the US Election Project, as of October 23, 53 million Americans have cast their votes. This number has already crossed the total vote in 2016.


The US Election Project is a website run by Professor Michael McDonald of the University of Florida. He is an early voting expert and maintains early voting and total voting figures in all states.



By their numbers, Texas has posted the highest turnout yet. More than 63 lakh people have cast their votes so far. This number is twenty lakhs more than the total number of people who voted for Trump in this state last year and is only twenty lakhs from the total number of votes cast in Texas in the last election.

2020 US Election


Who votes before the date?

In addition to knowing where people who vote early live, we can now also know who those people are.


First of all, we know that the majority of the people who vote earlier this year are young.


According to the Toft University Civic Participation and Learning Information Research Center, as of October 21, more than three million people between the ages of 18 and 29 had voted.


Twenty lakh of these votes have been cast in states where there is stiff competition between the two candidates.


The electoral polls carried out so far show that this time young voters can vote in greater numbers than in the last elections.


In 2016, only 46 percent of voters in the 18-29 age group voted, while 71 percent of those 65 and older voted.


According to the Harvard Youth Poll, 63 percent of young people can vote this year.


This time, voters of African American origin will also vote soon. According to an analysis by data firm TargetSmart, more than six times people of African-American origin have already voted on October 18, compared to 2016.


Why do so many people vote early?

One of the main reasons for this is the corona epidemic.


The traditional way of voting, in which people vote in long lines, is not in line with social distancing. Especially when all the states have not issued rules to cover the face inside the houses.


So far, thirty states have made special arrangements to make voting accessible through early voting and publication.


In this, the need to give reasons for voting by mail has also been eliminated. The Kovid epidemic has also been accepted as a reason to vote by mail.


Some states have provided mailboxes for casting ballots, while others have announced reimbursement of the fee for mailing ballots.


On the other hand, states like California and Colorado have sent postal ballots to all voters. This process is called universal mail-in voting.


On the other hand, North Carolina says that all postal ballots mailed before November 3 will be included in the count through November 12.


At the same time, many states had already made the voting date earlier. For example, in Texas, six days late, the early voting date was October 13.


At the same time, in Minnesota and South Dakota, voting began on voting day, 46 days before November 3.


There is no arrangement for early voting reaching the booths in all states. These states have also begun accepting ballots that arrive by mail.


However, early voting does not mean easy voting. In Georgia, for example, people had to wait several hours at the booths to vote early.


At the same time, the Pennsylvania court has ordered that ballots that arrive by mail must have a secret envelope to protect the identity of the voter.


However, following this order, there have been concerns that some ballots sent without secret envelopes could also be declared invalid.


Not only this, there have been more than three hundred cases related to disputes in 44 states regarding the early vote counting and the mail-in ballot acceptance process.


The Republican Party claims that some restrictions are necessary to stop false voting, while the Democratic Party says this is done to discourage voters from voting.




What effect can this have on elections?

The biggest impact of early voting will be that the total percentage of votes will increase.


Professor McDonald has told Reuters news agency that this time more than 150 million voters can vote, that is, more than 65 percent turnout, which will be the highest since 1908.


The data collected by Professor McDonald indicates that the ballots that arrive by mail point to the majority of the Democratic Party.


However, this is not a reliable indication of who will win the election in the end.


President Trump launched the campaign against the postal vote this year. He argued that increasing the vote through the mail could be the reason for the most corrupt election in history.


He said that under this system people will be able to vote more than once.


Trump's resentment toward voting by mail may lead his supporters to wait for the last day of voting.


So far, no evidence or evidence of large-scale forgery has been found through post-election voting. The fact is that according to research conducted in the US in 2017, the number of false votes in the survey ranges from 0.00004% to 0.0009%. This research was conducted by the Brennan Center for Justice.

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